MOOSE-VEHICLE RELATIONS IN SWEDEN: A REVIEW
With increasing moose numbers in Sweden during the last 20-year period, moose vehicle collisions (MVC) along Swedish highways have become a serious problem. Moose as well as accident numbers peaked around 1980 when about 6000 MVC occurred. About 5-20 People are killed and 500 hurt in MVC each year. MVC are considered to be a serious road safety problem and are one of the factors determining acceptable moose densities. The number of moose killed on the roads is less than 5% of the number killed by hunters. Numerous research projects have been initiated in Sweden during the last 15 years to answer questions related to MVC. The MVC risk from the viewpoint of the individual driver is highest at dawn and dusk, and higher at night than during daylight hours. In southern Sweden, MVC numbers peak in early summer (calving), and autumn (rutting). In northern Sweden, MVC numbers normally peak in December - January after snow accumulation has initiated moose migrations to lowland ranges where major roads are common. Fencing the roads has decreased the number of accidents by 80%. Road-side clearing decreased the accidents by about 20%. Investigations have been undertaken of what happens when a car collides with a moose, and how and why people in the cars get injured. Other studies have analysed what happens to the car in a collision and which qualities of the car give good or poor protection to the passengers. Some studies have examined the behavior of drivers in relation to moose accidents.
How to Cite
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.