TAXONOMIC POSITION OF ALCINAE JERDON, 1874 AND THE HISTORY OF THE GENUS ALCES GRAY 1821
Previous classifications of deer rely entirely on skeletal features. The present paper shows that classification of cervids should include anatomical, morphological and behavioural characteristics in order to provide a broad based phylogenetic hypothesis for the group. For this reason a revised classification is proposed here. All available characteristics indicate that Alcinae belongs in the family Odocoileidae. The evolutionary history of Alcinae is reviewed including the questionable relationships of Cervalces to Alcinae and Libralces as possible of Norwegian moose. The development of the 3-palmated antlers of the stag moose and reasons for cranial, external and behavioural peculiarities of tundra and taiga moose are discussed. A new view on moose invasions to North America is presented.
How to Cite
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.