FRIGHT AND FLIGHT BEHAVIOR OF REINDEER
Vigilance and avoidance behaviors of 8 reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) populations from difference geographical areas were examined by measuring distances of detection and flight from a human approaching on foot. Differences in behavior among populations were mainly explained by differences in hunting pressure, genetic origin (wild, feral, and tame ancestors), and predation pressure. Populations subjected to intensive hunting were more vigilant than populations that experienced no hunting. A significant but less clear pattern occurred for predation. Domestic reindeer in large groups demonstrated the lowest levels of fright and flight behavior.
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