REVIEW OF DEER KED (LIPOPTENA CERVI) ON MOOSE IN SCANDINAVIA WITH IMPLICATIONS FOR NORTH AMERICA
Keywords:Alces alces, distribution, deer ked, effect on host, Lipoptena cervi, moose, North America, Odocoileus virginianus, Scandinavia, white-tailed deer
AbstractThe deer ked (Lipoptena cervi) is an Old World dipteran ectoparasite of moose (Alces alces) and other Cervidae. It has undergone significant expansion in distribution on moose of Scandinavia in recent decades. This has been accompanied by much published research dealing with the range expansion and possible factors involved, problems for moose, exposure of northern populations of reindeer (Rangifer rangifer tarandus), and public health issues. Apparently, Lipoptena cervi was introduced into northeastern United States in the late 1800s, presumably on an unknown species of European deer, and it soon spread to white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). We review the current situation in Scandinavia and North America and document the first record of L. cervi on moose in northeastern United States.
How to Cite
Samuel, B., Madslien, K., & Gonynor-McGuire, J. (2012). REVIEW OF DEER KED (LIPOPTENA CERVI) ON MOOSE IN SCANDINAVIA WITH IMPLICATIONS FOR NORTH AMERICA. Alces: A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose, 48, 27–33. Retrieved from https://www.alcesjournal.org/index.php/alces/article/view/91
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.